In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10
are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the
largest possible number of houses in the square?
In this town, houses are built with one room for each person. There
are some families of seven people living in the town. In how many
different ways can they build their houses?
Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a
chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?
This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?
Can you make a 3x3 cube with these shapes made from small cubes?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Take it in turns to place a domino on the grid. One to be placed horizontally and the other vertically. Can you make it impossible for your opponent to play?
Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular
intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th
Can you predict when you'll be clapping and when you'll be clicking
if you start this rhythm? How about when a friend begins a new
rhythm at the same time?
Move just three of the circles so that the triangle faces in the
This second article in the series refers to research about levels
of development of spatial thinking and the possible influence of
Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each
vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal
face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?
This is the first article in a series which aim to provide some insight into the way spatial thinking develops in children, and draw on a range of reported research. The focus of this article is the. . . .
How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?
Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to
make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold
How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots
on the 8-point circle?
Exchange the positions of the two sets of counters in the least possible number of moves
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.
Make one big triangle so the numbers that touch on the small triangles add to 10. You could use the interactivity to help you.
Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these
operations. What number do you end on?
Can you visualise whether these nets fold up into 3D shapes? Watch the videos each time to see if you were correct.
How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or
DVDs? How about using five, then six?
Can you cover the camel with these pieces?
What happens when you try and fit the triomino pieces into these
We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?
In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles
together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can
be fitted together?
How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?
Investigate how the four L-shapes fit together to make an enlarged
L-shape. You could explore this idea with other shapes too.
If you can post the triangle with either the blue or yellow colour face up, how many ways can it be posted altogether?
A game for 2 players. Given a board of dots in a grid pattern, players take turns drawing a line by connecting 2 adjacent dots. Your goal is to complete more squares than your opponent.
If you split the square into these two pieces, it is possible to fit the pieces together again to make a new shape. How many new shapes can you make?
Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?
Lyndon Baker describes how the Mobius strip and Euler's law can
introduce pupils to the idea of topology.
Use the three triangles to fill these outline shapes. Perhaps you can create some of your own shapes for a friend to fill?
An extension of noughts and crosses in which the grid is enlarged
and the length of the winning line can to altered to 3, 4 or 5.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of
the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other
shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?
A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand
face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he
had just finished spelling. How did this work?
Investigate the number of paths you can take from one vertex to
another in these 3D shapes. Is it possible to take an odd number
and an even number of paths to the same vertex?
How can the same pieces of the tangram make this bowl before and after it was chipped? Use the interactivity to try and work out what is going on!
A game for two players. You'll need some counters.
What does the overlap of these two shapes look like? Try picturing
it in your head and then use the interactivity to test your
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be
removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to
remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?
A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can
this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover
an eight by eight chessboard?
You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be
placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals
have an even number of red counters?
Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download
the cards or have a go on squared paper.
Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep
truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?
Can you find ways of joining cubes together so that 28 faces are