This article introduces the idea of generic proof for younger children and illustrates how one example can offer a proof of a general result through unpacking its underlying structure.

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

This article for teachers discusses examples of problems in which there is no obvious method but in which children can be encouraged to think deeply about the context and extend their ability to. . . .

Use the three triangles to fill these outline shapes. Perhaps you can create some of your own shapes for a friend to fill?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

What happens when you try and fit the triomino pieces into these two grids?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

If you split the square into these two pieces, it is possible to fit the pieces together again to make a new shape. How many new shapes can you make?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download the cards or have a go on squared paper.

Can you find ways of joining cubes together so that 28 faces are visible?

Make a cube out of straws and have a go at this practical challenge.

This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.

A game for 2 players. Can be played online. One player has 1 red counter, the other has 4 blue. The red counter needs to reach the other side, and the blue needs to trap the red.

What is the shape of wrapping paper that you would need to completely wrap this model?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the watering can and man in a boat?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming and Little Fung dancing?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the workmen?

Exploring and predicting folding, cutting and punching holes and making spirals.

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the candle and sundial?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of Mai Ling and Chi Wing?

Can you find a way of representing these arrangements of balls?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these clocks?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the child walking home from school?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these people?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this brazier for roasting chestnuts?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the lobster, yacht and cyclist?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the chairs?

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

Mathematics is the study of patterns. Studying pattern is an opportunity to observe, hypothesise, experiment, discover and create.

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this shape. How would you describe it?

Investigate the number of paths you can take from one vertex to another in these 3D shapes. Is it possible to take an odd number and an even number of paths to the same vertex?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

Make one big triangle so the numbers that touch on the small triangles add to 10. You could use the interactivity to help you.