A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle,
sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove
the formula linking x, y and r?
Prove that the product of the sum of n positive numbers with the sum of their reciprocals is not less than n^2.
Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an
annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.
How to build your own magic squares.
An algebra task which depends on members of the group noticing the
needs of others and responding.
A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of
others and responding.
Solve the system of equations: ab = 1 bc = 2 cd = 3 de = 4 ea = 6
Brian swims at twice the speed that a river is flowing, downstream
from one moored boat to another and back again, taking 12 minutes
altogether. How long would it have taken him in still water?
Take a few whole numbers away from a triangle number. If you know
the mean of the remaining numbers can you find the triangle number
and which numbers were removed?
Find all the triples of numbers a, b, c such that each one of them
plus the product of the other two is always 2.
A sequence of polynomials starts 0, 1 and each poly is given by
combining the two polys in the sequence just before it. Investigate
and prove results about the roots of the polys.
Find the polynomial p(x) with integer coefficients such that one solution of the equation p(x)=0 is $1+\sqrt 2+\sqrt 3$.
Find b where 3723(base 10) = 123(base b).
Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she
does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are
the three numbers Jo had to start with?”
Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square
numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will
What is the value of the integers a and b where sqrt(8-4sqrt3) =
sqrt a - sqrt b?
Find relationships between the polynomials a, b and c which are
polynomials in n giving the sums of the first n natural numbers,
squares and cubes respectively.
Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?
The squares of any 8 consecutive numbers can be arranged into two sets of four numbers with the same sum. True of false?
If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line
splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side
lengths for the original right-angled triangle?
If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has
doubled its value?
Rotate a copy of the trapezium about the centre of the longest side
of the blue triangle to make a square. Find the area of the square
and then derive a formula for the area of the trapezium.
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect
square - can you explain why?
Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top
and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical
example involving some clever algebra.
Can you hit the target functions using a set of input functions and
a little calculus and algebra?
Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.
Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take
three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then
add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .
Derive an equation which describes satellite dynamics.
There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it,
which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that
x, y pair ?
The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square.
Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with
this property. Generalise to four integers.
For which values of n is the Fibonacci number fn even? Which
Fibonnaci numbers are divisible by 3?
The incircles of 3, 4, 5 and of 5, 12, 13 right angled triangles
have radii 1 and 2 units respectively. What about triangles with an
inradius of 3, 4 or 5 or ...?
Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?
Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.
To break down an algebraic fraction into partial fractions in which
all the denominators are linear and all the numerators are
constants you simetimes need complex numbers.
However did we manage before calculators? Is there an efficient way
to do a square root if you have to do the work yourself?
What functions can you make using the function machines RECIPROCAL and PRODUCT and the operator machines DIFF and INT?
Relate these algebraic expressions to geometrical diagrams.
Given any two polynomials in a single variable it is always
possible to eliminate the variable and obtain a formula showing the
relationship between the two polynomials. Try this one.
If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.
Can you find the value of this function involving algebraic
fractions for x=2000?
First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like
to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...
Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations:
x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.
115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?
Prove that 3 times the sum of 3 squares is the sum of 4 squares.
Rather easier, can you prove that twice the sum of two squares
always gives the sum of two squares?
To find the integral of a polynomial, evaluate it at some special
points and add multiples of these values.
What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard
table and then pass through its original position?
Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers
the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.
Several graphs of the sort occurring commonly in biology are given.
How many processes can you map to each graph?
By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of
the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn