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Resources tagged with Manipulating algebraic expressions/formulae similar to Pair Squares:

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Broad Topics > Algebra > Manipulating algebraic expressions/formulae

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Pair Squares

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square. Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with this property. Generalise to four integers.

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Quadratic Harmony

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

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Janine's Conjecture

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

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Look Before You Leap

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Relate these algebraic expressions to geometrical diagrams.

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Binomial

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn

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Diverging

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.

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Mechanical Integration

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

To find the integral of a polynomial, evaluate it at some special points and add multiples of these values.

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How Many Solutions?

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find all the solutions to the this equation.

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Polynomial Relations

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Given any two polynomials in a single variable it is always possible to eliminate the variable and obtain a formula showing the relationship between the two polynomials. Try this one.

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Always Perfect

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

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Back to Basics

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Find b where 3723(base 10) = 123(base b).

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Three Ways

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

If x + y = -1 find the largest value of xy by coordinate geometry, by calculus and by algebra.

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And So on - and on -and On

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you find the value of this function involving algebraic fractions for x=2000?

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Telescoping Functions

Stage: 5

Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.

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Sums of Pairs

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

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Particularly General

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

By proving these particular identities, prove the existence of general cases.

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DOTS Division

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

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Never Prime

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

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Algebra Match

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

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Simplifying Doughnut

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

An algebra task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

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Perfectly Square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

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Pair Products

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

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Magic Sums and Products

Stage: 3 and 4

How to build your own magic squares.

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Reciprocals

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Prove that the product of the sum of n positive numbers with the sum of their reciprocals is not less than n^2.

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Algebra from Geometry

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.

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Salinon

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

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There and Back

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Brian swims at twice the speed that a river is flowing, downstream from one moored boat to another and back again, taking 12 minutes altogether. How long would it have taken him in still water?

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System Speak

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Solve the system of equations: ab = 1 bc = 2 cd = 3 de = 4 ea = 6

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Cosines Rule

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.

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' Tis Whole

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Take a few whole numbers away from a triangle number. If you know the mean of the remaining numbers can you find the triangle number and which numbers were removed?

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Robert's Spreadsheet

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?

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Sitting Pretty

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

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Absurdity Again

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What is the value of the integers a and b where sqrt(8-4sqrt3) = sqrt a - sqrt b?

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More Polynomial Equations

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find relationships between the polynomials a, b and c which are polynomials in n giving the sums of the first n natural numbers, squares and cubes respectively.

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Nicely Similar

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

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Root to Poly

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find the polynomial p(x) with integer coefficients such that one solution of the equation p(x)=0 is $1+\sqrt 2+\sqrt 3$.

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Incircles

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The incircles of 3, 4, 5 and of 5, 12, 13 right angled triangles have radii 1 and 2 units respectively. What about triangles with an inradius of 3, 4 or 5 or ...?

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Consecutive Squares

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The squares of any 8 consecutive numbers can be arranged into two sets of four numbers with the same sum. True of false?

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Poly Fibs

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

A sequence of polynomials starts 0, 1 and each poly is given by combining the two polys in the sequence just before it. Investigate and prove results about the roots of the polys.

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Dating Made Easier

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

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Interpolating Polynomials

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.

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Sums of Squares

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Prove that 3 times the sum of 3 squares is the sum of 4 squares. Rather easier, can you prove that twice the sum of two squares always gives the sum of two squares?

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Calculus Countdown

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you hit the target functions using a set of input functions and a little calculus and algebra?

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Complex Partial Fractions

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

To break down an algebraic fraction into partial fractions in which all the denominators are linear and all the numerators are constants you simetimes need complex numbers.

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Fibonacci Factors

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

For which values of n is the Fibonacci number fn even? Which Fibonnaci numbers are divisible by 3?

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Really Mr. Bond

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

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Chocolate 2010

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...

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Always Two

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find all the triples of numbers a, b, c such that each one of them plus the product of the other two is always 2.

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Matchless

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

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The Medieval Octagon

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.