We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

However did we manage before calculators? Is there an efficient way to do a square root if you have to do the work yourself?

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Solve the system of equations: ab = 1 bc = 2 cd = 3 de = 4 ea = 6

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

The squares of any 8 consecutive numbers can be arranged into two sets of four numbers with the same sum. True of false?

Take a few whole numbers away from a triangle number. If you know the mean of the remaining numbers can you find the triangle number and which numbers were removed?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

An algebra task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

Brian swims at twice the speed that a river is flowing, downstream from one moored boat to another and back again, taking 12 minutes altogether. How long would it have taken him in still water?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Think of a number and follow my instructions. Tell me your answer, and I'll tell you what you started with! Can you explain how I know?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Create some shapes by combining two or more rectangles. What can you say about the areas and perimeters of the shapes you can make?

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Find all the triples of numbers a, b, c such that each one of them plus the product of the other two is always 2.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?

Find the polynomial p(x) with integer coefficients such that one solution of the equation p(x)=0 is $1+\sqrt 2+\sqrt 3$.

Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?

First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Two cyclists, practising on a track, pass each other at the starting line and go at constant speeds... Can you find lap times that are such that the cyclists will meet exactly half way round the. . . .

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Rotate a copy of the trapezium about the centre of the longest side of the blue triangle to make a square. Find the area of the square and then derive a formula for the area of the trapezium.

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?