Why MUST these statistical statements probably be at least a little
This is our collection of tasks on the mathematical theme of 'Population Dynamics' for advanced students and those interested in mathematical modelling.
Invent scenarios which would give rise to these probability density functions.
Which line graph, equations and physical processes go together?
Are these statistical statements sometimes, always or never true?
Or it is impossible to say?
The probability that a passenger books a flight and does not turn
up is 0.05. For an aeroplane with 400 seats how many tickets can be
sold so that only 1% of flights are over-booked?
Here are several equations from real life. Can you work out which measurements are possible from each equation?
Can you suggest a curve to fit some experimental data? Can you work out where the data might have come from?
How is the length of time between the birth of an animal and the birth of its great great ... great grandparent distributed?
Use your skill and knowledge to place various scientific lengths in order of size. Can you judge the length of objects with sizes ranging from 1 Angstrom to 1 million km with no wrong attempts?
Which units would you choose best to fit these situations?
Work with numbers big and small to estimate and calculate various quantities in physical contexts.
Estimate these curious quantities sufficiently accurately that you can rank them in order of size
Get some practice using big and small numbers in chemistry.
Learn about the link between logical arguments and electronic circuits. Investigate the logical connectives by making and testing your own circuits and fill in the blanks in truth tables to record. . . .
See how enormously large quantities can cancel out to give a good
approximation to the factorial function.
Many physical constants are only known to a certain accuracy. Explore the numerical error bounds in the mass of water and its constituents.
When you change the units, do the numbers get bigger or smaller?
Get further into power series using the fascinating Bessel's equation.
How much energy has gone into warming the planet?
By exploring the concept of scale invariance, find the probability
that a random piece of real data begins with a 1.
If a is the radius of the axle, b the radius of each ball-bearing, and c the radius of the hub, why does the number of ball bearings n determine the ratio c/a? Find a formula for c/a in terms of n.
Look at the advanced way of viewing sin and cos through their power series.
Work with numbers big and small to estimate and calculate various quantities in biological contexts.
Build up the concept of the Taylor series
Match the descriptions of physical processes to these differential
Go on a vector walk and determine which points on the walk are
closest to the origin.
What functions can you make using the function machines RECIPROCAL and PRODUCT and the operator machines DIFF and INT?
Use the computer to model an epidemic. Try out public health policies to control the spread of the epidemic, to minimise the number of sick days and deaths.
Work out the numerical values for these physical quantities.
Explore the relationship between resistance and temperature
Investigate circuits and record your findings in this simple introduction to truth tables and logic.
Which dilutions can you make using only 10ml pipettes?
How do you write a computer program that creates the illusion of stretching elastic bands between pegs of a Geoboard? The answer contains some surprising mathematics.
Simple models which help us to investigate how epidemics grow and die out.
Was it possible that this dangerous driving penalty was issued in
Formulate and investigate a simple mathematical model for the design of a table mat.
Find the distance of the shortest air route at an altitude of 6000
metres between London and Cape Town given the latitudes and
longitudes. A simple application of scalar products of vectors.
Each week a company produces X units and sells p per cent of its
stock. How should the company plan its warehouse space?
How would you go about estimating populations of dolphins?
Match the charts of these functions to the charts of their integrals.
Explore the possibilities for reaction rates versus concentrations
with this non-linear differential equation
How efficiently can you pack together disks?
Make an accurate diagram of the solar system and explore the concept of a grand conjunction.
Could nanotechnology be used to see if an artery is blocked? Or is this just science fiction?
To investigate the relationship between the distance the ruler drops and the time taken, we need to do some mathematical modelling...
Can you construct a cubic equation with a certain distance between
its turning points?
Can you sketch these difficult curves, which have uses in
An observer is on top of a lighthouse. How far from the foot of the lighthouse is the horizon that the observer can see?
Can you work out what this procedure is doing?