Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?

Which of these games would you play to give yourself the best possible chance of winning a prize?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Chris and Jo put two red and four blue ribbons in a box. They each pick a ribbon from the box without looking. Jo wins if the two ribbons are the same colour. Is the game fair?

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. The Greedy Algorithm might provide us with an efficient way of doing this.

A jigsaw where pieces only go together if the fractions are equivalent.

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

A plastic funnel is used to pour liquids through narrow apertures. What shape funnel would use the least amount of plastic to manufacture for any specific volume ?

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

Substitute -1, -2 or -3, into an algebraic expression and you'll get three results. Is it possible to tell in advance which of those three will be the largest ?

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.