Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

A game for 2 or more people, based on the traditional card game Rummy. Players aim to make two `tricks', where each trick has to consist of a picture of a shape, a name that describes that shape, and. . . .

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid) parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

In a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses, how many winning lines can you make?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. The Greedy Algorithm might provide us with an efficient way of doing this.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

A jigsaw where pieces only go together if the fractions are equivalent.