Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

Each of the following shapes is made from arcs of a circle of radius r. What is the perimeter of a shape with 3, 4, 5 and n "nodes".

Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern you get and generalise.

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?