Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product. Can. . . .

Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern you get and generalise.

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?