Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Think of two whole numbers under 10. Take one of them and add 1. Multiply by 5. Add 1 again. Double your answer. Subract 1. Add your second number. Add 2. Double again. Subtract 8. Halve this number. . . .

Triangle ABC is isosceles while triangle DEF is equilateral. Find one angle in terms of the other two.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern you get and generalise.

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?