A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

If: A + C = A; F x D = F; B - G = G; A + H = E; B / H = G; E - G = F and A-H represent the numbers from 0 to 7 Find the values of A, B, C, D, E, F and H.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?