A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

Triangle ABC is isosceles while triangle DEF is equilateral. Find one angle in terms of the other two.

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers contain the same digits in the same order?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

In a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses, how many winning lines can you make?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Think of two whole numbers under 10. Take one of them and add 1. Multiply by 5. Add 1 again. Double your answer. Subract 1. Add your second number. Add 2. Double again. Subtract 8. Halve this number. . . .

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product. Can. . . .

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid) parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?