This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?