Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect
square - can you explain why?
Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one.
Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is
special about your results.
Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship
between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on
AB as diameter?
Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers
the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.
What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building
blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it
The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.
All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to
sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the
price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges
have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...
Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...
If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has
doubled its value?
Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the
product of their differences will always be an even number?
What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587,
3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?
Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety
ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern
you get and generalise.
Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated
the difference between square numbers?
A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed
and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square.
What is the 2-digit number?
Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Find the sum of the series.
There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it,
which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that
x, y pair ?
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line
splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side
lengths for the original right-angled triangle?
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on
it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers
contain the same digits in the same order?
Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?
A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle,
sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove
the formula linking x, y and r?
Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?
What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the
highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...
Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?
There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?
Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
What is the smallest number with exactly 14 divisors?
Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?
Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?
A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her
children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How
can she do this in order to share the money out equally?
What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard
table and then pass through its original position?
Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes
there would be if hundreds of people met?
Substitute -1, -2 or -3, into an algebraic expression and you'll
get three results. Is it possible to tell in advance which of those
three will be the largest ?
Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd
numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?
What is the same and what is different about these circle
questions? What connections can you make?
A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a
room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest
distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?
Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next
number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the
sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?