Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers contain the same digits in the same order?

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?

Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

An aluminium can contains 330 ml of cola. If the can's diameter is 6 cm what is the can's height?

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

A game for 2 or more people, based on the traditional card game Rummy. Players aim to make two `tricks', where each trick has to consist of a picture of a shape, a name that describes that shape, and. . . .

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?