A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they make seven consecutive numbers?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Here is a chance to create some attractive images by rotating shapes through multiples of 90 degrees, or 30 degrees, or 72 degrees or...

A jigsaw where pieces only go together if the fractions are equivalent.

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?

Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern you get and generalise.

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .