Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

In a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses, how many winning lines can you make?

A game for 2 or more people, based on the traditional card game Rummy. Players aim to make two `tricks', where each trick has to consist of a picture of a shape, a name that describes that shape, and. . . .

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

If: A + C = A; F x D = F; B - G = G; A + H = E; B / H = G; E - G = F and A-H represent the numbers from 0 to 7 Find the values of A, B, C, D, E, F and H.

Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Each of the following shapes is made from arcs of a circle of radius r. What is the perimeter of a shape with 3, 4, 5 and n "nodes".

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

Chris is enjoying a swim but needs to get back for lunch. If she can swim at 3 m/s and run at 7m/sec, how far along the bank should she land in order to get back as quickly as possible?

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

An observer is on top of a lighthouse. How far from the foot of the lighthouse is the horizon that the observer can see?

Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

A hexagon, with sides alternately a and b units in length, is inscribed in a circle. How big is the radius of the circle?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they make seven consecutive numbers?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product. Can. . . .

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?