What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the
highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?
Find the sum of the series.
What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587,
3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect
square - can you explain why?
The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.
Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the
product of their differences will always be an even number?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?
Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges
have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...
Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers
the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.
If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has
doubled its value?
Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?
Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?
Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated
the difference between square numbers?
Think of two whole numbers under 10. Take one of them and add 1. Multiply by 5. Add 1 again. Double your answer. Subract 1. Add your second number. Add 2. Double again. Subtract 8. Halve this number. . . .
Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?
Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago.
Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?
Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one.
Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is
special about your results.
A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her
children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How
can she do this in order to share the money out equally?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety
ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern
you get and generalise.
What is the smallest number with exactly 14 divisors?
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship
between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on
AB as diameter?
Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next
number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the
sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP
have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the
What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building
blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it
Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?
What is the same and what is different about these circle
questions? What connections can you make?
Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes
there would be if hundreds of people met?
In a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses, how many winning lines can you make?
If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line
splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side
lengths for the original right-angled triangle?
A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of
an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .
A circle is inscribed in a triangle which has side lengths of 8, 15
and 17 cm. What is the radius of the circle?
Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an
isosceles, right angle triangle?
A hexagon, with sides alternately a and b units in length, is
inscribed in a circle. How big is the radius of the circle?
Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a
pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow
paint on their faces?
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?
What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid)
parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
A plastic funnel is used to pour liquids through narrow apertures.
What shape funnel would use the least amount of plastic to
manufacture for any specific volume ?