Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Chris is enjoying a swim but needs to get back for lunch. If she can swim at 3 m/s and run at 7m/sec, how far along the bank should she land in order to get back as quickly as possible?

A hexagon, with sides alternately a and b units in length, is inscribed in a circle. How big is the radius of the circle?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

In a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses, how many winning lines can you make?