A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers contain the same digits in the same order?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

In a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses, how many winning lines can you make?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they make seven consecutive numbers?

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?