The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. The Greedy Algorithm might provide us with an efficient way of doing this.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

A jigsaw where pieces only go together if the fractions are equivalent.

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

If it takes four men one day to build a wall, how long does it take 60,000 men to build a similar wall?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

If: A + C = A; F x D = F; B - G = G; A + H = E; B / H = G; E - G = F and A-H represent the numbers from 0 to 7 Find the values of A, B, C, D, E, F and H.

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Each of the following shapes is made from arcs of a circle of radius r. What is the perimeter of a shape with 3, 4, 5 and n "nodes".

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid) parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Here is a chance to create some attractive images by rotating shapes through multiples of 90 degrees, or 30 degrees, or 72 degrees or...

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

A game for 2 or more people, based on the traditional card game Rummy. Players aim to make two `tricks', where each trick has to consist of a picture of a shape, a name that describes that shape, and. . . .

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers contain the same digits in the same order?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?