Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid) parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they make seven consecutive numbers?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

If it takes four men one day to build a wall, how long does it take 60,000 men to build a similar wall?

A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers contain the same digits in the same order?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

In a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses, how many winning lines can you make?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Each of the following shapes is made from arcs of a circle of radius r. What is the perimeter of a shape with 3, 4, 5 and n "nodes".

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

If: A + C = A; F x D = F; B - G = G; A + H = E; B / H = G; E - G = F and A-H represent the numbers from 0 to 7 Find the values of A, B, C, D, E, F and H.

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?

A jigsaw where pieces only go together if the fractions are equivalent.

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. The Greedy Algorithm might provide us with an efficient way of doing this.