What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building
blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship
between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on
AB as diameter?
Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers
the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.
Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one.
Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is
special about your results.
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect
square - can you explain why?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?
Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?
If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has
doubled its value?
Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?
Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?
Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated
the difference between square numbers?
Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?
If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line
splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side
lengths for the original right-angled triangle?
Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the
first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end
of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .
Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges
have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...
In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago.
Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?
All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to
sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the
price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .
The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.
There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it,
which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that
x, y pair ?
Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...
Triangle ABC is isosceles while triangle DEF is equilateral. Find
one angle in terms of the other two.
A circle is inscribed in a triangle which has side lengths of 8, 15
and 17 cm. What is the radius of the circle?
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is,
satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in
a circle with a unit radius?
A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the
least number he would need of each type in order to produce
different shades of pink.
Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the
product of their differences will always be an even number?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her
children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How
can she do this in order to share the money out equally?
Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios
1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can
you find an efficent way of doing this?
A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle,
sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove
the formula linking x, y and r?
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard
table and then pass through its original position?
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?
Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next
number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the
sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?
What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?
Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?
Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?
There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and
two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?
Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a
pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow
paint on their faces?
What is the same and what is different about these circle
questions? What connections can you make?
Explore the effect of combining enlargements.
Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an
isosceles, right angle triangle?
A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of
an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .
On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the
vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight
Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes
there would be if hundreds of people met?
Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.