What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Triangle ABC is isosceles while triangle DEF is equilateral. Find one angle in terms of the other two.

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

Think of two whole numbers under 10. Take one of them and add 1. Multiply by 5. Add 1 again. Double your answer. Subract 1. Add your second number. Add 2. Double again. Subtract 8. Halve this number. . . .

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A circle is inscribed in a triangle which has side lengths of 8, 15 and 17 cm. What is the radius of the circle?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

A game for 2 or more people, based on the traditional card game Rummy. Players aim to make two `tricks', where each trick has to consist of a picture of a shape, a name that describes that shape, and. . . .

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid) parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?