What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building
blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship
between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on
AB as diameter?
Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers
the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect
square - can you explain why?
Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one.
Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is
special about your results.
There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and
two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has
doubled its value?
Triangle ABC is isosceles while triangle DEF is equilateral. Find
one angle in terms of the other two.
Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at
100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which
Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?
Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were
choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p.
Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.
In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago.
Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?
Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?
Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the
next two rows?
Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect
squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?
Think of two whole numbers under 10. Take one of them and add 1.
Multiply by 5. Add 1 again. Double your answer. Subract 1. Add your
second number. Add 2. Double again. Subtract 8. Halve this. . . .
Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated
the difference between square numbers?
The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.
There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it,
which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that
x, y pair ?
Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?
What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard
table and then pass through its original position?
A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle,
sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove
the formula linking x, y and r?
Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is,
satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in
a circle with a unit radius?
Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges
have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...
Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes
there would be if hundreds of people met?
A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on
it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers
contain the same digits in the same order?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
A circle is inscribed in a triangle which has side lengths of 8, 15
and 17 cm. What is the radius of the circle?
Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the
first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end
of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .
If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line
splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side
lengths for the original right-angled triangle?
All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to
sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the
price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .
There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?
Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three
numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they
make seven consecutive numbers?
Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios
1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can
you find an efficent way of doing this?
Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the
product of their differences will always be an even number?
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten
numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z
coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that
cannot be made? How do you know?
A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the
least number he would need of each type in order to produce
different shades of pink.
A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find
the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the
According to an old Indian myth, Sissa ben Dahir was a courtier for
a king. The king decided to reward Sissa for his dedication and
Sissa asked for one grain of rice to be put on the first square. . . .
Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday
will be on next year, and the year after...
Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.
A game for 2 or more people, based on the traditional card game
Rummy. Players aim to make two `tricks', where each trick has to
consist of a picture of a shape, a name that describes that shape,
and. . . .
What is the smallest number with exactly 14 divisors?
Explore the effect of combining enlargements.
On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the
vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight