This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern you get and generalise.

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

An observer is on top of a lighthouse. How far from the foot of the lighthouse is the horizon that the observer can see?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .