Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

If it takes four men one day to build a wall, how long does it take 60,000 men to build a similar wall?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product. Can. . . .

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?