Consider all of the five digit numbers which we can form using only
the digits 2, 4, 6 and 8. If these numbers are arranged in
ascending order, what is the 512th number?
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
In how many ways can a pound (value 100 pence) be changed into some combination of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 pence coins?
Here is a collection of puzzles about Sam's shop sent in by club
members. Perhaps you can make up more puzzles, find formulas or
find general methods.
Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not
using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in
whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Sam displays cans in 3 triangular stacks. With the same number he
could make one large triangular stack or stack them all in a square
based pyramid. How many cans are there how were they arranged?
If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days
as possible, how many days can their fun last?
Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They
decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with
each of the others. What was the total number rides?
Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the
month from the 1st to the 31st.
Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and
Bharat live in.
If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals
of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the
How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be
written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?
Using only the red and white rods, how many different ways are
there to make up the other colours of rod?
Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the
triangle adds to the same total.
Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that
the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three
numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to. . . .
The machine I use to produce Braille messages is faulty and one of the pins that makes a raised dot is not working. I typed a short message in Braille. Can you work out what it really says?
Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks
and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they
Penta people, the Pentominoes, always build their houses from five
square rooms. I wonder how many different Penta homes you can
A little mouse called Delia lives in a hole in the bottom of a
tree.....How many days will it be before Delia has to take the same
In a bowl there are 4 Chocolates, 3 Jellies and 5 Mints. Find a way
to share the sweets between the three children so they each get the
kind they like. Is there more than one way to do it?
An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.
If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How
will you know you've found them all?
Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins
to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?
Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4
arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or
saucer of the same colour.
Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square
below so that each side adds to the same total.
Four friends must cross a bridge. How can they all cross it in just 17 minutes?
Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it.
How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in
each pile was 15?
Semaphore is a way to signal the alphabet using two flags. You
might want to send a message that contains more than just letters.
How many other symbols could you send using this code?
How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square
tiles of different sizes?
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go.
Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
Four children were sharing a set of twenty-four butterfly cards.
Are there any cards they all want? Are there any that none of them
In this challenge, buckets come in five different sizes. If you choose some buckets, can you investigate the different ways in which they can be filled?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of
11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat?
How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more
and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube.
Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the
shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.
Using all ten cards from 0 to 9, rearrange them to make five prime
numbers. Can you find any other ways of doing it?
How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one
layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same
colour are next to each other in any direction?
Sam sets up displays of cat food in his shop in triangular stacks.
If Felix buys some, then how can Sam arrange the remaining cans in
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock
face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions
differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and
the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you
measure and how?
In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If
the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which
stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
How many tricolour flags are possible with 5 available colours such
that two adjacent stripes must NOT be the same colour. What about
If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that
they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can
you investigate all the different possibilities?