How many tricolour flags are possible with 5 available colours such that two adjacent stripes must NOT be the same colour. What about 256 colours?

The machine I use to produce Braille messages is faulty and one of the pins that makes a raised dot is not working. I typed a short message in Braille. Can you work out what it really says?

Is it possible to use all 28 dominoes arranging them in squares of four? What patterns can you see in the solution(s)?

Imagine you have six different colours of paint. You paint a cube using a different colour for each of the six faces. How many different cubes can be painted using the same set of six colours?

Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to. . . .

In how many ways can a pound (value 100 pence) be changed into some combination of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 pence coins?

How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?

How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Four friends must cross a bridge. How can they all cross it in just 17 minutes?

Find out how we can describe the "symmetries" of this triangle and investigate some combinations of rotating and flipping it.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Can you find all the different ways of lining up these Cuisenaire rods?

Using only the red and white rods, how many different ways are there to make up the other colours of rod?

A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out what the coins are?

Three beads are threaded on a circular wire and are coloured either red or blue. Can you find all four different combinations?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

This activity investigates how you might make squares and pentominoes from Polydron.

Using all ten cards from 0 to 9, rearrange them to make five prime numbers. Can you find any other ways of doing it?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

One face of a regular tetrahedron is painted blue and each of the remaining faces are painted using one of the colours red, green or yellow. How many different possibilities are there?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

A little mouse called Delia lives in a hole in the bottom of a tree.....How many days will it be before Delia has to take the same route again?

In a bowl there are 4 Chocolates, 3 Jellies and 5 Mints. Find a way to share the sweets between the three children so they each get the kind they like. Is there more than one way to do it?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?

Explore the different tunes you can make with these five gourds. What are the similarities and differences between the two tunes you are given?

Four children were sharing a set of twenty-four butterfly cards. Are there any cards they all want? Are there any that none of them want?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

In this challenge, buckets come in five different sizes. If you choose some buckets, can you investigate the different ways in which they can be filled?

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Semaphore is a way to signal the alphabet using two flags. You might want to send a message that contains more than just letters. How many other symbols could you send using this code?

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?

Sam displays cans in 3 triangular stacks. With the same number he could make one large triangular stack or stack them all in a square based pyramid. How many cans are there how were they arranged?

Here is a collection of puzzles about Sam's shop sent in by club members. Perhaps you can make up more puzzles, find formulas or find general methods.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?