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Resources tagged with Combinatorics similar to Sandwiches:

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Broad Topics > Decision Mathematics and Combinatorics > Combinatorics

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An Investigation Based on Score

Stage: 3

Class 2YP from Madras College was inspired by the problem in NRICH to work out in how many ways the number 1999 could be expressed as the sum of 3 odd numbers, and this is their solution.

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Domino Tetrads

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Is it possible to use all 28 dominoes arranging them in squares of four? What patterns can you see in the solution(s)?

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Ways of Summing Odd Numbers

Stage: 3

Sanjay Joshi, age 17, The Perse Boys School, Cambridge followed up the Madrass College class 2YP article with more thoughts on the problem of the number of ways of expressing an integer as the sum. . . .

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Flagging

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

How many tricolour flags are possible with 5 available colours such that two adjacent stripes must NOT be the same colour. What about 256 colours?

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Tangles

Stage: 3 and 4

A personal investigation of Conway's Rational Tangles. What were the interesting questions that needed to be asked, and where did they lead?

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Tri-colour

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Six points are arranged in space so that no three are collinear. How many line segments can be formed by joining the points in pairs?

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Small Change

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

In how many ways can a pound (value 100 pence) be changed into some combination of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 pence coins?

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Cube Paths

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Given a 2 by 2 by 2 skeletal cube with one route `down' the cube. How many routes are there from A to B?

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Plate Spotting

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?

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Greetings

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

From a group of any 4 students in a class of 30, each has exchanged Christmas cards with the other three. Show that some students have exchanged cards with all the other students in the class. How. . . .

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Bell Ringing

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Suppose you are a bellringer. Can you find the changes so that, starting and ending with a round, all the 24 possible permutations are rung once each and only once?

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How Many Dice?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A standard die has the numbers 1, 2 and 3 are opposite 6, 5 and 4 respectively so that opposite faces add to 7? If you make standard dice by writing 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 on blank cubes you will find. . . .

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Shuffle Shriek

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you find all the 4-ball shuffles?

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Euromaths

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How many ways can you write the word EUROMATHS by starting at the top left hand corner and taking the next letter by stepping one step down or one step to the right in a 5x5 array?

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Permute It

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the resulting numbers.

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Painting Cubes

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Imagine you have six different colours of paint. You paint a cube using a different colour for each of the six faces. How many different cubes can be painted using the same set of six colours?

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One Basket or Group Photo

Stage: 2, 3, 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Libby Jared helped to set up NRICH and this is one of her favourite problems. It's a problem suitable for a wide age range and best tackled practically.

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Paving Paths

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

How many different ways can I lay 10 paving slabs, each 2 foot by 1 foot, to make a path 2 foot wide and 10 foot long from my back door into my garden, without cutting any of the paving slabs?

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Master Minding

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Your partner chooses two beads and places them side by side behind a screen. What is the minimum number of guesses you would need to be sure of guessing the two beads and their positions?

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In a Box

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Chris and Jo put two red and four blue ribbons in a box. They each pick a ribbon from the box without looking. Jo wins if the two ribbons are the same colour. Is the game fair?