Watch the video to see how to fold a square of paper to create a flower. What fraction of the piece of paper is the small triangle?

Have you noticed that triangles are used in manmade structures? Perhaps there is a good reason for this? 'Test a Triangle' and see how rigid triangles are.

Can you visualise what shape this piece of paper will make when it is folded?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

Use the lines on this figure to show how the square can be divided into 2 halves, 3 thirds, 6 sixths and 9 ninths.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

This practical problem challenges you to create shapes and patterns with two different types of triangle. You could even try overlapping them.

If you'd like to know more about Primary Maths Masterclasses, this is the package to read! Find out about current groups in your region or how to set up your own.

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

Can you recreate this Indian screen pattern? Can you make up similar patterns of your own?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the workmen?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this junk?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming and Little Fung dancing?

Follow the diagrams to make this patchwork piece, based on an octagon in a square.

Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?

NRICH December 2006 advent calendar - a new tangram for each day in the run-up to Christmas.

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the telescope and microscope?

Kaia is sure that her father has worn a particular tie twice a week in at least five of the last ten weeks, but her father disagrees. Who do you think is right?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these rabbits?

What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of Mai Ling and Chi Wing?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these people?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these clocks?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the child walking home from school?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this shape. How would you describe it?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the lobster, yacht and cyclist?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this brazier for roasting chestnuts?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Fung at the table?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this telephone?

Have a go at drawing these stars which use six points drawn around a circle. Perhaps you can create your own designs?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the candle and sundial?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming playing the board game?

Can you make the birds from the egg tangram?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the chairs?

Are all the possible combinations of two shapes included in this set of 27 cards? How do you know?

This is a simple paper-folding activity that gives an intriguing result which you can then investigate further.

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

Make new patterns from simple turning instructions. You can have a go using pencil and paper or with a floor robot.

How can you make a curve from straight strips of paper?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

In this challenge, you will work in a group to investigate circular fences enclosing trees that are planted in square or triangular arrangements.

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.