Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

These pictures were made by starting with a square, finding the half-way point on each side and joining those points up. You could investigate your own starting shape.

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about the relationship between them?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

Which times on a digital clock have a line of symmetry? Which look the same upside-down? You might like to try this investigation and find out!

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?

A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each time?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Investigate the number of faces you can see when you arrange three cubes in different ways.

Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

What is the largest cuboid you can wrap in an A3 sheet of paper?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Can you find ways of joining cubes together so that 28 faces are visible?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

This activity asks you to collect information about the birds you see in the garden. Are there patterns in the data or do the birds seem to visit randomly?