Many natural systems appear to be in equilibrium until suddenly a critical point is reached, setting up a mudslide or an avalanche or an earthquake. In this project, students will use a simple. . . .

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

A description of some experiments in which you can make discoveries about triangles.

Explore the different tunes you can make with these five gourds. What are the similarities and differences between the two tunes you are given?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

There are three tables in a room with blocks of chocolate on each. Where would be the best place for each child in the class to sit if they came in one at a time?

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?

What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

We went to the cinema and decided to buy some bags of popcorn so we asked about the prices. Investigate how much popcorn each bag holds so find out which we might have bought.

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Work with numbers big and small to estimate and calculate various quantities in biological contexts.

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?

Numbers arranged in a square but some exceptional spatial awareness probably needed.

Formulate and investigate a simple mathematical model for the design of a table mat.

A challenging activity focusing on finding all possible ways of stacking rods.

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

We think this 3x3 version of the game is often harder than the 5x5 version. Do you agree? If so, why do you think that might be?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

Can you find ways of joining cubes together so that 28 faces are visible?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

Follow the directions for circling numbers in the matrix. Add all the circled numbers together. Note your answer. Try again with a different starting number. What do you notice?

In this challenge, you will work in a group to investigate circular fences enclosing trees that are planted in square or triangular arrangements.

In this investigation we are going to count the number of 1s, 2s, 3s etc in numbers. Can you predict what will happen?

This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.

Make new patterns from simple turning instructions. You can have a go using pencil and paper or with a floor robot.

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?