I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about
the relationship between them?
Explore one of these five pictures.
Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could
measure lengths, areas and angles.
Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.
What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can
you investigate patios of different sizes?
How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square
tiles of different sizes?
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area
around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.
Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5
grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand
point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?
If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different
ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each
What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of
the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other
shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?
The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles
using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What
other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be
drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4
arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or
saucer of the same colour.
If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How
will you know you've found them all?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are
you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of
sticks that make the most triangles?
How many triangles can you make on the 3 by 3 pegboard?
What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame
without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you
try the other shapes?
What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?
When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort
them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we
arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?
Investigate the different shaped bracelets you could make from 18 different spherical beads. How do they compare if you use 24 beads?
While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which
seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the
foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?
Investigate the number of faces you can see when you arrange three cubes in different ways.
An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.
Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the
paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles
Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?
How many tiles do we need to tile these patios?
Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled
triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting
If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that
they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can
you investigate all the different possibilities?
Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how
many sticks are used for each new "layer"?
Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these
three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence
to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8
Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks
and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they
You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes
totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the
different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.
Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper
to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?
In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If
the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which
stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?
How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?
In my local town there are three supermarkets which each has a
special deal on some products. If you bought all your shopping in
one shop, where would be the cheapest?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these
tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why
What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that
you cannot fit another that's the same into it?
A description of some experiments in which you can make discoveries about triangles.
How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons
together? How will you know you have found all the ways?
What is the largest cuboid you can wrap in an A3 sheet of paper?
Explore the different tunes you can make with these five gourds.
What are the similarities and differences between the two tunes you
This activity asks you to collect information about the birds you
see in the garden. Are there patterns in the data or do the birds
seem to visit randomly?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
Take a look at these data collected by children in 1986 as part of the Domesday Project. What do they tell you? What do you think about the way they are presented?