Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Which times on a digital clock have a line of symmetry? Which look the same upside-down? You might like to try this investigation and find out!

Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would write our number 7.

A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

We need to wrap up this cube-shaped present, remembering that we can have no overlaps. What shapes can you find to use?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you change the position of the jigsaws?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?