Bernard Bagnall looks at what 'problem solving' might really mean in the context of primary classrooms.

Investigate the area of 'slices' cut off this cube of cheese. What would happen if you had different-sized block of cheese to start with?

Investigate and explain the patterns that you see from recording just the units digits of numbers in the times tables.

Investigate these hexagons drawn from different sized equilateral triangles.

Follow the directions for circling numbers in the matrix. Add all the circled numbers together. Note your answer. Try again with a different starting number. What do you notice?

If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each time?

The red ring is inside the blue ring in this picture. Can you rearrange the rings in different ways? Perhaps you can overlap them or put one outside another?

In my local town there are three supermarkets which each has a special deal on some products. If you bought all your shopping in one shop, where would be the cheapest?

Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles triangles?

Here is your chance to investigate the number 28 using shapes, cubes ... in fact anything at all.

Bernard Bagnall describes how to get more out of some favourite NRICH investigations.

Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why not?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

This activity asks you to collect information about the birds you see in the garden. Are there patterns in the data or do the birds seem to visit randomly?

Investigate the numbers that come up on a die as you roll it in the direction of north, south, east and west, without going over the path it's already made.

Explore ways of colouring this set of triangles. Can you make symmetrical patterns?

Here are many ideas for you to investigate - all linked with the number 2000.

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Why does the tower look a different size in each of these pictures?

Take a look at these data collected by children in 1986 as part of the Domesday Project. What do they tell you? What do you think about the way they are presented?

This problem is intended to get children to look really hard at something they will see many times in the next few months.

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

In this investigation we are going to count the number of 1s, 2s, 3s etc in numbers. Can you predict what will happen?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

These pictures were made by starting with a square, finding the half-way point on each side and joining those points up. You could investigate your own starting shape.

Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would write our number 7.

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

What is the largest cuboid you can wrap in an A3 sheet of paper?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Investigate the number of faces you can see when you arrange three cubes in different ways.

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

Try continuing these patterns made from triangles. Can you create your own repeating pattern?

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.