In this article for teachers, Bernard gives an example of taking an initial activity and getting questions going that lead to other explorations.

Bernard Bagnall looks at what 'problem solving' might really mean in the context of primary classrooms.

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

In this challenge, you will work in a group to investigate circular fences enclosing trees that are planted in square or triangular arrangements.

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

Explore ways of colouring this set of triangles. Can you make symmetrical patterns?

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles triangles?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

The red ring is inside the blue ring in this picture. Can you rearrange the rings in different ways? Perhaps you can overlap them or put one outside another?

Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why not?

Take a look at these data collected by children in 1986 as part of the Domesday Project. What do they tell you? What do you think about the way they are presented?

Try continuing these patterns made from triangles. Can you create your own repeating pattern?

Why does the tower look a different size in each of these pictures?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

Sort the houses in my street into different groups. Can you do it in any other ways?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

In my local town there are three supermarkets which each has a special deal on some products. If you bought all your shopping in one shop, where would be the cheapest?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Explore the different tunes you can make with these five gourds. What are the similarities and differences between the two tunes you are given?

Make new patterns from simple turning instructions. You can have a go using pencil and paper or with a floor robot.

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you change the position of the jigsaws?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.

Follow the directions for circling numbers in the matrix. Add all the circled numbers together. Note your answer. Try again with a different starting number. What do you notice?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.

In this investigation we are going to count the number of 1s, 2s, 3s etc in numbers. Can you predict what will happen?