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Resources tagged with Networks/Graph Theory similar to Stage 5 Cipher Challenge:

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Challenge level: Challenge Level:1 Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:3

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Broad Topics > Decision Mathematics and Combinatorics > Networks/Graph Theory

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Magic W

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

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Magic Caterpillars

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

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Olympic Magic

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

in how many ways can you place the numbers 1, 2, 3 … 9 in the nine regions of the Olympic Emblem (5 overlapping circles) so that the amount in each ring is the same?

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W Mates

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Show there are exactly 12 magic labellings of the Magic W using the numbers 1 to 9. Prove that for every labelling with a magic total T there is a corresponding labelling with a magic total 30-T.

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Tangles

Stage: 3 and 4

A personal investigation of Conway's Rational Tangles. What were the interesting questions that needed to be asked, and where did they lead?

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Plum Tree

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!

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Sufficient but Not Necessary: Two Eyes and Seki in Go

Stage: 4 and 5

The game of go has a simple mechanism. This discussion of the principle of two eyes in go has shown that the game does not depend on equally clear-cut concepts.

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Behind the Rules of Go

Stage: 4 and 5

This article explains the use of the idea of connectedness in networks, in two different ways, to bring into focus the basics of the game of Go, namely capture and territory.

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Torus Patterns

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

How many different colours would be needed to colour these different patterns on a torus?

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An Introduction to Computer Programming and Mathematics

Stage: 5

This article explains the concepts involved in scientific mathematical computing. It will be very useful and interesting to anyone interested in computer programming or mathematics.

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The Four Colour Theorem

Stage: 3 and 4

The Four Colour Conjecture was first stated just over 150 years ago, and finally proved conclusively in 1976. It is an outstanding example of how old ideas can be combined with new discoveries. prove. . . .

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Limiting Probabilities

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Given probabilities of taking paths in a graph from each node, use matrix multiplication to find the probability of going from one vertex to another in 2 stages, or 3, or 4 or even 100.

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The Olympic Torch Tour

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Imagine you had to plan the tour for the Olympic Torch. Is there an efficient way of choosing the shortest possible route?

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Euler's Formula

Stage: 5

Some simple ideas about graph theory with a discussion of a proof of Euler's formula relating the numbers of vertces, edges and faces of a graph.

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Magic W Wrap Up

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Prove that you cannot form a Magic W with a total of 12 or less or with a with a total of 18 or more.

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Factors and Multiples Graphs

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Explore creating 'factors and multiples' graphs such that no lines joining the numbers cross

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Instant Insanity

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

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Simply Graphs

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Look for the common features in these graphs. Which graphs belong together?

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Fermat's Poser

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Find the point whose sum of distances from the vertices (corners) of a given triangle is a minimum.

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Knight Defeated

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The knight's move on a chess board is 2 steps in one direction and one step in the other direction. Prove that a knight cannot visit every square on the board once and only (a tour) on a 2 by n board. . . .

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Ding Dong Bell

Stage: 3, 4 and 5

The reader is invited to investigate changes (or permutations) in the ringing of church bells, illustrated by braid diagrams showing the order in which the bells are rung.

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Symmetric Tangles

Stage: 4

The tangles created by the twists and turns of the Conway rope trick are surprisingly symmetrical. Here's why!

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Tree Graphs

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A connected graph is a graph in which we can get from any vertex to any other by travelling along the edges. A tree is a connected graph with no closed circuits (or loops. Prove that every tree. . . .

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Cube Net

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

How many tours visit each vertex of a cube once and only once? How many return to the starting point?

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Classifying Solids Using Angle Deficiency

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Toni Beardon has chosen this article introducing a rich area for practical exploration and discovery in 3D geometry

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Geometry and Gravity 2

Stage: 3, 4 and 5

This is the second of two articles and discusses problems relating to the curvature of space, shortest distances on surfaces, triangulations of surfaces and representation by graphs.

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Some Circuits in Graph or Network Theory

Stage: 4 and 5

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

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Euler's Formula and Topology

Stage: 5

Here is a proof of Euler's formula in the plane and on a sphere together with projects to explore cases of the formula for a polygon with holes, for the torus and other solids with holes and the. . . .

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Sprouts Explained

Stage: 2, 3, 4 and 5

This article invites you to get familiar with a strategic game called "sprouts". The game is simple enough for younger children to understand, and has also provided experienced mathematicians with. . . .

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Neural Nets

Stage: 5

Find out some of the mathematics behind neural networks.

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The Use of Mathematics in Computer Games

Stage: 5

An account of how mathematics is used in computer games including geometry, vectors, transformations, 3D graphics, graph theory and simulations.

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Maximum Flow

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Given the graph of a supply network and the maximum capacity for flow in each section find the maximum flow across the network.