This article discusses what happens, and why, if you generate
chains of sequences getting the next sequence from the differences
between the adjacent terms in the sequence before it, eg (7, 2, 8,
3). . . .
This article explores the search for SP numbers, finding the few that exist and the proof that there are no more.
Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you
three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and
keep repeating this. What happens?
Investigate the sequences obtained by starting with any positive 2
digit number (10a+b) and repeatedly using the rule 10a+b maps to
10b-a to get the next number in the sequence.
Solve this famous unsolved problem and win a prize. Take a positive
integer N. If even, divide by 2; if odd, multiply by 3 and add 1.
Iterate. Prove that the sequence always goes to 4,2,1,4,2,1...
Start with any whole number N, write N as a multiple of 10 plus a remainder R and produce a new whole number N'. Repeat. What happens?
Find all the periodic cycles and fixed points in this number
sequence using any whole number as a starting point.
On a "move" a stone is removed from two of the circles and placed
in the third circle. Here are five of the ways that 27 stones could
The first of five articles concentrating on whole number dynamics, ideas of general dynamical systems are introduced and seen in concrete cases.
Take a number, add its digits then multiply the digits together,
then multiply these two results. If you get the same number it is
an SP number.
With red and blue beads on a circular wire; 'put a red bead between
any two of the same colour and a blue between different colours
then remove the original beads'. Keep repeating this. What happens?
In this third of five articles we prove that whatever whole number we start with for the Happy Number sequence we will always end up with some set of numbers being repeated over and over again.
Take ten sticks in heaps any way you like. Make a new heap using one from each of the heaps. By repeating that process could the arrangement 7 - 1 - 1 - 1 ever turn up, except by starting with it?
This article extends the discussions in "Whole number dynamics I". Continuing the proof that, for all starting points, the Happy Number sequence goes into a loop or homes in on a fixed point.
Analyse these repeating patterns. Decide on the conditions for a
periodic pattern to occur and when the pattern extends to infinity.