Skip over navigation
Guide and features
Guide and features
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
Featured Early Years Foundation Stage; US Kindergarten
Featured UK Key Stage 1&2; US Grades 1-4
Featured UK Key Stage 3-5; US Grades 5-12
Featured UK Key Stage 1, US Grade 1 & 2
Featured UK Key Stage 2; US Grade 3 & 4
Featured UK Key Stages 3 & 4; US Grade 5-10
Featured UK Key Stage 4 & 5; US Grade 11 & 12
School Fair Necklaces
Stage: 1 and 2
We had a number of solutions sent in. Most treated the bracelets as being in a straight line rather than in a circle, which can make it more difficult to check whether you are duplicating ones already found.
However we had the following from Lyneham Primary Junior Maths Challenge Group in Australia:
On Friday we worked on the necklaces problem in our maths group.
We used some different coloured counting blocks (unifix) to make symmetrical patterns of eight blocks with two colours.
We figured out that with those blocks we could make six different combinations that were symmetrical (see picture). And then we figured out that it didn't matter if you cut half of it off because they are symmetrical, so the halves are exactly the same.
We found six different towers of four blocks, two of each colour (see at the bottom of the photo). So therefore there are six possible ways you can do it.
We also heard from Cole and Sachi at Randlay Primary School:
I used O,G,G,O,O,G,G,O* for number one.
For number two we did O,G,O,G,G,O,G,O.
Number three: G,O,G,O,O,G,O,G.
Number four we did O,O,G,G,G,G,O,O.
Number five: G,G,O,O,O,O,G,G.
*O stands for orange and G stands for green.
We found over five ways to do the challenge that were different and symmetrical with the same colour.
I wonder whether you can see the sixth way that you've missed out?
Lastly from Lara-Jade at Bay Primary School:
I started with nine beads and worked out that because it has to be symmetrical the bead at the bottom must be of one colour because the clue says four beads of one colour and five beads of the other colour. So I thought yellow could be at the bottom and my pattern was:
Then I worked out 13 beads. I thought because it is another odd number the bead at the bottom must be the colour of bead with the most in it. So I worked out the pattern which was
Then I tried to work out what 10 was. Then I tried it and thought that it wouldn't work because it was even but I was wrong. So I tried it again and got the pattern right which was:
I then moved onto 12. Because 10 worked 12 MUST work so I worked out the pattern which was: Y,G,Y,G,Y,(G)(G),Y,G,Y,G,Y.
Finally I did 11 beads. And worked out the pattern which was:
Did you find any other ways of making symmetrical necklaces with these numbers of beads, I wonder?
Is there anything general you could say about even and odd numbers of beads?
It's interesting to see the different ways of recording thinking - some of you using cubes and some of you using letters.
If you have worked on this activity, then do send us your thoughts too.
Shape, space & measures - generally
Addition & subtraction
Factors and multiples
Multiplication & division
Proof by exhaustion
Meet the team
The NRICH Project aims to enrich the mathematical experiences of all learners. To support this aim, members of the NRICH team work in a wide range of capacities, including providing professional development for teachers wishing to embed rich mathematical tasks into everyday classroom practice. More information on many of our other activities can be found here.
Register for our mailing list
Copyright © 1997 - 2014. University of Cambridge. All rights reserved.
NRICH is part of the family of activities in the
Millennium Mathematics Project