Geometrical Reasoning - Stage 4

Triangle Mid Points

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

You are only given the three midpoints of the sides of a triangle. How can you construct the original triangle?

Two Ladders

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second wall. At what height do the ladders cross?

Compare Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

Sitting Pretty

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Napkin

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

Angle Trisection

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

Hexy-metry

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A hexagon, with sides alternately a and b units in length, is inscribed in a circle. How big is the radius of the circle?

Circle-in

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A circle is inscribed in a triangle which has side lengths of 8, 15 and 17 cm. What is the radius of the circle?

Squirty

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Using a ruler, pencil and compasses only, it is possible to construct a square inside any triangle so that all four vertices touch the sides of the triangle.

Triangles in Circles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How many different triangles can you make which consist of the centre point and two of the points on the edge? Can you work out each of their angles?

Subtended Angles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What is the relationship between the angle at the centre and the angles at the circumference, for angles which stand on the same arc? Can you prove it?

Right Angles

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you make a right-angled triangle on this peg-board by joining up three points round the edge?

Trapezium Four

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

Nicely Similar

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Partly Circles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Making Sixty

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Why does this fold create an angle of sixty degrees?

Circles in Quadrilaterals

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

Cyclic Quadrilaterals

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What can you say about the angles on opposite vertices of any cyclic quadrilateral? Working on the building blocks will give you insights that may help you to explain what is special about them.

Kite in a Square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?

Geometrical Reasoning - Short Problems

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A collection of short Stage 4 problems on geometrical reasoning.

Quadrilaterals in a Square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What's special about the area of quadrilaterals drawn in a square?