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Class 5's Names


Here are the lists of first names of the members of Class $5$. (They are in alphabetical order of their surnames so they do not seem to be ordered.)
 

list of names

One day when $34$ children were in class, Mrs Clifton, their teacher, said they were going to make some block graphs and other things using their first names. She put the class lists onto the white board.

First, the class made tally charts of the initial letters of their names. They worked in pairs.
The first part of Becky and Selma's tally looked like this:

 

tally

Can you make a full tally chart using the class names?

Next they all made frequency tables using this information.
This is the first part of Alan and Joe's table:

 

frequency

Can you make a frequency table using all the class's names?

Next they decided which letters of the alphabet were needed and which were not needed to make a block graph of their class names. Then the boys took yellow squares and the girls took pale blue squares, drew a picture of themselves and put the initial of their first name on the square and stuck it onto paper to make a pictogram graph.
 
The last part of the class's block graph looked like this:

 
pictogram


Can you see who was away from school that day from this information?

Next they made true block graphs from the class lists to include anyone who was away that day.

This is part of the middle of the block graph:

 

block graph

Can you tell what letters these were?
Can you make a block graph of all the class?


Why do this problem?

This problem uses simple and manageable information to illustrate various methods of recording data. The questions require learners to interpret the data presented, as well as to re-present the data in different ways themselves.  You could also encourage children to look at ways to present data more critically by discussing which method they think is best and why.
 

Possible approach

The focus of this particular task is not on data collection itself, but you may wish to tackle this problem once the children have had some experience of creating their own tally charts, frequency tables and bar charts.  Alternatively, the activity could be a vehicle for introducing some different ways of representing data which learners may not have come across before. 
 
Tell the 'story' of the problem and invite pupils to work in pairs.   They might find it useful to have a copy of the names given at the beginning of the problem and this sheet which contains the tally chart, fequency table and bar chart.   Allow pairs to choose the resources they need to create the different representations, although having squared paper easily available is likely to be helpful.
 

In a plenary, initiate discussion about how they knew which member of the class was away that day and encourage them to offer opinions on which of their representations is best for this data.  Listen out for those that give clear explanations for their choices.

 

Key questions

What does this chart/table tell you?
Tell me about the way you're creating your chart/table.
What can you tell from the tally/table/graph you have made?
How do you know who was away from school that day?
 

Possible extension

The problem Real Statistics offers more opportunities for data analysis, and goes on to invite data collection and further analysis.

 

Possible support

The Pet Graph is a simpler challenge which focuses just on a block graph.