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Guide and features
Guide and features
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
Featured Early Years Foundation Stage; US Kindergarten
Featured UK Key Stage 1&2; US Grades 1-4
Featured UK Key Stage 3-5; US Grades 5-12
Featured UK Key Stage 1, US Grade 1 & 2
Featured UK Key Stage 2; US Grade 3 & 4
Featured UK Key Stages 3 & 4; US Grade 5-10
Featured UK Key Stage 4 & 5; US Grade 11 & 12
Why do this problem?
offers the opportunity for pupils to think in creative ways as they explore the relationships between differently-sized balls. Through the physical manipulation of the circles, which represent the balls, learners will come to a better understanding of circle properties.
Introducing this task using the school's own stock of sports equipment is likely to grab children's attention. Show the class all the different balls you have gathered together and invite them to talk about what they notice. They are likely to suggest all sorts of things, perhaps related to the sport that each is used for, or the material each is made of, in addition to their spherical shape (or approximate spherical shape).
Introduce the challenge and give pairs of children time to work on it. Allow them to decide how to approach the task and give them free choice of equipment and resources. Some pairs may want to experiment with the balls themselves, some may want to know the diameters so they can make representations, others may have completely different ways of having a go at the challenge.
It would be worthwhile to stop everyone after a suitable length of time so that learners can share where they have got to so far. You could warn two or three pairs that you'd like them to talk about how they are going about the task. This discussion may well inspire some pairs to change their methods, but do allow them to make that decision themselves. This is also a chance to clarify the 'rules' of the activity. Pairs may need reminding that each ball must touch both the one in front and the one behind it. Placing very small balls in between two large ones may not satisfy this condition!
This activity could be presented as a 'simmering' task, meaning that it is worked on over an extended period of time. Children could post up their longest or shortest lines on a designated wall area so that the challenge becomes to better the best so far. You can then allocate a time to reflect on the class' results and invite them to justify their findings. Are they sure this is the longest/shortest line? How do they know?
What have you decided to do?
Tell me what you have here.
Would you change anything here?
Could you make the line longer/shorter?
How do you know you have made the longest/shortest line?
Pupils who easily manage the activity, could be further challenged by asking them to place the equipment in lines that make up an equilateral triangle or a square.
Some pupils may be able to do the activity without the balls but not have the ability to produce the circles accurately without adult support. You could give some pairs copies of
with the circles already drawn.
Multiplication & division
Radius (radii) & diameters
Addition & subtraction
Trial and improvement
Meet the team
The NRICH Project aims to enrich the mathematical experiences of all learners. To support this aim, members of the NRICH team work in a wide range of capacities, including providing professional development for teachers wishing to embed rich mathematical tasks into everyday classroom practice. More information on many of our other activities can be found here.
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NRICH is part of the family of activities in the
Millennium Mathematics Project