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Bent Out of Shape

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If you are having trouble picturing how these molecule might look, try using blu tack and string to make models of the atoms and their bonds.
 
If you're still stuck, scroll down on this page to see diagrams of the molecules.
 
For the question about water, it will help you to think about the electrons in oxygen. How many valence electrons does oxygen have? What happens to the valence electrons that don't get used in bonding?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Structures of molecules given:
 
You will notice that in some of these diagrams some bonds are shown as normal lines, some as thick lines and some as dashed lines. This says nothing about the chemical nature of the bonds but describes their orientation in three dimensions. A normal line indicates a bond in the plane of the page (or screen); a thick line indicates a bond coming out of the page and a dashed line indicates a bond going into the page.  If this is confusing, don't worry! Try using these diagrams to help you make a model of the molecules or ask your teacher to explain further.
 
 
 
 

NH$_{4}^{+}$


CH$_{4}$ has the same structure as NH$_{4}^{+}$
 
 BeH$_{2}$
 
AlCl$_{3}$ has the same structure as BF$_{3}$
 
  PCl$_{5}$