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Speed-time Problems at the Olympics

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David and Goliath

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

 

In the tables below are some of the top performing shot putters of all time, their weight in kilograms, and the distance they threw in metres.
 
Look at the two data sets. Do any results stand out?
 
What questions occur to you?
 
Choose appropriate statistical analyses to answer some of your questions.
Are there any other data you will need to collect? 
You may wish to download this spreadsheet containing the two data sets.
 
It is suggested that heavier competitors are at an advantage in the shot put.
Do the data support that claim?
 
What would be the effect on the competition of introducing weight categories (like those found in boxing or weightlifting), or giving lighter shots to lighter competitors?
 
 

Men's shot put:
 
Name Weight (kg) Distance (m)
Randy Barnes 137 23.12
Ulf Timmermann  118  23.06 
Alessandro Andrei  118 22.91
Werner Günthör   130  22.75 
Kevin Toth   144  22.67  
Udo Beyer   135 22.64
John Brenner   127 22.52
Adam Nelson   115 22.51
Reese Hoffa   133 22.43 
Sergey Smirnov   126 22.24 
John Godina   129 22.20 
Sergey Gavryushin   95 22.10 
Sergey Kasnauskas   126  22.09 
Aleksandr Baryshnikov   130 22.00
Gregg Tafralis  132 21.98
Mikhail Kostin  120 21.96
Tomasz Majewski  132 21.95 
Remigius Machura  118 21.93
Cottrell J. Hunter  135 21.87
Mike Stulce  122 21.82
 
  

Women's Shot Put:
 


Name Weight (kg) Distance (m)
Natalya Lisovskaya  105  22.63 
Ilona Briesenick  95 22.45 
Helena Fibingerová  95 22.32 
Claudia Losch  84 22.19
Meisu Li  92 21.76
Natalya Akhrimenko  90 21.73 
Vita Pavlysh  90 21.69
Xinmei Sui  90 21.66
Verzhinia Veselinova  95 21.61
Margitta Pufe  90 21.58 
Ines Müller  90 21.57 
Nunu Abashidze  105 21.53 
Zhihong Huang  100 21.52 
Larisa Peleshenko  95 21.46 
Heike Hartwig  95 21.31
Liane Schmuhl  90 21.27
Astrid Kumbernuss  90 21.22
Kathrin Neimke  90 21.21
Helma Knorscheidt  90 21.19
Heidi Krieger  95 21.10


NOTES AND BACKGROUND

Data source:  IAAF
Mass of shot for male competitors: 7.260 kg (16 lb)
Mass of shot for female competitors: 4 kg (8.82 lb)