If a is the radius of the axle, b the radius of each ball-bearing, and c the radius of the hub, why does the number of ball bearings n determine the ratio c/a? Find a formula for c/a in terms of n.
Bricks are 20cm long and 10cm high. How high could an arch be built
without mortar on a flat horizontal surface, to overhang by 1
metre? How big an overhang is it possible to make like this?
The shortest path between any two points on a snooker table is the straight line between them but what if the ball must bounce off one wall, or 2 walls, or 3 walls?
Note that $G_X(0)=p_0$ and $G_X(1)=1$.