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Consecutive Numbers

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

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There are three tables in a room with blocks of chocolate on each. Where would be the best place for each child in the class to sit if they came in one at a time?

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Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Many Clues, One Answer

Stage: 3 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The number is less than $100$, but five times the number is greater than $100$, so it must be between $20$ and $100$.

Reversing the digits makes a prime number, so the first digit must be $1$, $3$, $7$ or $9$, as all two-digit prime numbers are odd and not divisible by $5$. The number must be at least 20, so this rules out $1$.

Since the digits add to a prime number, the possibilities are:
First Digit Second Digit
$3$ $2,4,8$
$7$ $4,6$
$9$ $2,4,8$

The number must be one more than a multiple of $3$, so the digits must sum to give one more than a multiple of $3$, as multiples of $3$ have digit sums that are multiples of $3$. This leaves $34$, $76$ and $94$.

The number must have exactly one prime digit, which rules out $94$.

The number must have exactly four factors. $34$ has $1$, $2$, $17$ and $34$, but $76$ has $1$, $2$, $4$, $19$, $38$ and $76$.

Therefore the number is $34$.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
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