You may also like

problem icon

Golden Thoughts

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

problem icon

Building Tetrahedra

Can you make a tetrahedron whose faces all have the same perimeter?

problem icon

Ladder and Cube

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

Unusual Polygon

Stage: 4 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The area of square BDFG is $6\times 6 = 36$ square units.
So the total area of the three triangles ABG, BCD and DEF is also $36$ square units.
These three triangles are congruent and so each has an area of $12$ square units.
The area of each triangle is $\frac{1}{2}\times base \times \ height$ and the base is $6$ units and hence we have $\frac{1}{2}\times 6 \times \ height = 12$, 
so the height is $4$ units.
Let $X$ be the midpoint of BD. Then CX is perpendicular to the base BD (since BCD is an isosceles triangle).
By Pythagoras' Theorem, $BC = \sqrt{3^2+4^2} = 5$ units.
Therefore the perimeter of ABCDEFG is $6\times 5+ 6 = 36$ units.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
View the archive of all weekly problems grouped by curriculum topic

View the previous week's solution
View the current weekly problem