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A 'doodle' is a closed intersecting curve drawn without taking pencil from paper. Only two lines cross at each intersection or vertex (never 3), that is the vertex points must be 'double points' not 'triple points'. Number the vertex points in any order. Starting at any point on the doodle, trace it until you get back to where you started. Write down the numbers of the vertices as you pass through them. So you have a [not necessarily unique] list of numbers for each doodle. Prove that 1)each vertex number in a list occurs twice. [easy!] 2)between each pair of vertex numbers in a list there are an even number of other numbers [hard!]

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Russian Cubes

How many different cubes can be painted with three blue faces and three red faces? A boy (using blue) and a girl (using red) paint the faces of a cube in turn so that the six faces are painted in order 'blue then red then blue then red then blue then red'. Having finished one cube, they begin to paint the next one. Prove that the girl can choose the faces she paints so as to make the second cube the same as the first.

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A player has probability 0.4 of winning a single game. What is his probability of winning a 'best of 15 games' tournament?

One Basket or Group Photo

Stage: 2, 3, 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

basketball players

A school photographer is taking a photograph of the two basketball teams. She has to arrange ten people, all of different heights, in two rows of five, one behind the other. Each person at the back must be taller than the person directly in front of them. Along the rows the heights must increase from left to right.

In how many ways can two, four or six people to be arranged in this way for a photo, or eight people? In how many ways can the ten team members be arranged like this for the photo to be taken?

You may even like to generalise the problem to twelve people or to any specified even number.

Now try the problems Walkabout and Counting Binary Ops