### Euler's Squares

Euler found four whole numbers such that the sum of any two of the numbers is a perfect square...

### Diophantine N-tuples

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

### There's a Limit

Explore the continued fraction: 2+3/(2+3/(2+3/2+...)) What do you notice when successive terms are taken? What happens to the terms if the fraction goes on indefinitely?

# Never Prime

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Take any two digit number, reverse its digits, and subtract the smaller number from the larger. For example $$42-24=18$$ I've tried this a few times and I never seem to end up with a prime number. Try some examples of your own. Do you ever end up with a prime number?

Can you prove that you will never end up with a prime?

What happens when I do the same with a three digit number?

What about a four digit number?

What about a five, six, seven, ... $n$ digit number?