### Some(?) of the Parts

A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle

### Rotating Triangle

What happens to the perimeter of triangle ABC as the two smaller circles change size and roll around inside the bigger circle?

### Pericut

Two semicircle sit on the diameter of a semicircle centre O of twice their radius. Lines through O divide the perimeter into two parts. What can you say about the lengths of these two parts?

# Three Four Five

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

As shown in the diagram, two semi-circles (each of radius $1/2$) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles, and find a 3-4-5 triangle in the diagram.

Christiane Eaves, The Mount School, York (Year 10) sent the following solution.
Join the two centres together and drop a perpendicular from the centre of the top circle. The line joining the centres will pass through the point of contact of the two circles because the common tangent at this point will meet both radii at right-angles.

$\begin{eqnarray} \\ a &=& \frac{1}{2}\\ b &=& 1-r\\ c &=& \frac{1}{2} + r. \end{eqnarray}$ So, since $a^2 + b^2 = c^2$ then $b^2 = c^2 - a^2$ and
$\begin{eqnarray} \\ b^2 &=& (\frac{1}{2} + r)^2 - (\frac{1}{2})^2 \\ &=& \frac{1}{4} + r + r^2 - \frac{1}{4}\\ &=& r + r^2. \end{eqnarray}$
$\begin{eqnarray} \\ (1 - r)^2 &=& r + r^2 \\ 1 - 2r + r^2 &=& r + r^2 \\ 1 &=& 3r \\ r &=& \frac{1}{3} \end{eqnarray}$
So $a = {1\over 2}$, $b={2\over 3}$ and $c = {5\over 6}$, or $a = {3\over 6}$, $b={4\over 6}$ and $c = {5\over 6}$. From this it can be seen that the triangle's sides are in the ratio 3:4:5.