### Whirlyball

Whirl a conker around in a horizontal circle on a piece of string. What is the smallest angular speed with which it can whirl?

### Earth Orbit

Follow in the steps of Newton and find the path that the earth follows around the sun.

### Gravity Paths

Where will the spaceman go when he falls through these strange planetary systems?

# Motorbike Momentum

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

A motorbike stuntman goes from town to town riding his bike in a large sphere 6m in diameter made from steel wire. The wire is so thick the ball remains rigid while he rides inside it. See a video here.

The motorbike and rider are about 2m tall together. We might model this as a particle in the centre, so when the bike & rider are in the sphere, this particle is 2m from the centre of the sphere.

The wheels of the bike are 40cm in diameter. What is the minimum angular speed the wheels must rotate if the bike is to be able to go upside down over the top?

Can you draw a graph of the reaction force that the sphere exerts on the bike over time if the bike maintains this speed?